Nuclear power and weapons: the myth of the peaceful atom
This paper concerns countries which have pursued nuclear weapons under cover of a civil nuclear program. The case studies cover these 21 countries: Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Burma, Canada, Egypt, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Libya, North Korea, Pakistan, Romania, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Syria, Taiwan, and Yugoslavia. The criterion for the inclusion in the above list is concrete activity in pursuit of nuclear weapons, linked to a civil nuclear research or power program, e.g. weapons-related experiments, or fissile material production and separation.
John Carlson, 2009, 'Introduction to the Concept of Proliferation Resistance' (useful discussion on various issues e.g. proliferation risks associated with thorium)