Friends of the Earth Melbourne's River Country Campaign in collaboration with the Lifeblood Alliance
The Murray Darling Basin Plan set out to save our rivers from environmental disaster. Since the $13 billion Plan began in 2012, there have been major concerns raised with implementation, including allegations of corruption, maladministration and mismanagement.
Communities who depend on our rivers fear that if we don't act now to bring the Plan back on track, our rivers will die and dependent communities will decline. Here, we present a 7-point strategy to restore integrity to the Plan, so it can deliver on its key objectives – to keep the rivers and dependent communities alive and well.
1. Protect River Flows
Prevent redirection of environmental water to other uses, including for private purposes during dry times.
Resume open tender buybacks to enable cost-effective water recovery and meet Basin Plan environmental targets.
Protect low flows and maintain connectivity within and between the rivers of the northern Basin.
2. Build Resilient Communities
Support Basin communities to broaden their economic base to adjust to a more variable water future and build socio-economic resilience.
Encourage wider representation and participation in decision making and actively encourage First Nations involvement to address cultural water needs in the Basin.
3. Establish Good Governance
Restore the National Water Commission as the independent oversight body for national water reform
Establish a Federal Basin Plan Regulator to deal with enforcement of water resource plans, underpinned by a Nation Integrity Commission.
Undertake rigorous independent assessment of all water recovery projects prior to any further funding or works, including 'bridging the gap' and Sustainable Diversion Limit Adjustment Mechanism supply and efficiency measures.
Ensure trading rules protect the environment.
4. Secure First Nations Cultural Water
Secure unallocated surface and groundwater across the Basin as a Strategic Indigenous and Environmental Reserve.
Provide appropriate funding for First Nations to buy water in fully-allocated systems, and co-design models for acquiring and holding water entitlements.
Address urgent threats to cultural values and Native Title rights in the Lower Darling and other critically impacted waterways by restoring low flows and connectivity.
Develop a national First Nations Water Strategy to address key unfinished business in water reform.
5. Align Water Extraction with Science
Ensure Sustainable Diversion Limits reflect an environmentally sustainable level of take, including accounting for climate change.
Licensing of floodplain harvesting must not be used to increase overall water extraction limits.
Include minimum flow provisions under low flows and drought in all sub-catchments as part of Water Resource Plans.
Fund and implement a comprehensive Native Fish Strategy.
6. Track the Progress
Conduct a full independent audit of environmental water recovery to date, including water availability for provision of environmental flows.
Measure real world river flows against Basin Plan targets, with improved modelling, monitoring and reporting.
Undertake an independent review of whether the Basin Plan is meeting its objectives under the Commonwealth Water Act, while allowing for realistic timeframes for ecological restoration and consideration to whether Australia is fulfilling its obligations to protect internationally recognised RAMSAR sites.
7. Improve Transparency
Adopt a consistent approach to measuring, monitoring and compliance across all Basin States through mandatory metering and real time monitoring including satellite tracking, to provide up-to-date information on water availability.
Establish a free, publicly-accessible register of water ownership across the Basin, and a National Water Exchange with public reporting of all water trades.
Require open access to all data, modelling and reporting conducted by the Murray Darling Basin Authority.
Back on Track was developed in collaboration with the Lifeblood Alliance of environmental, Indigenous and community groups.
Published in Chain Reaction #136, August 2019. National magazine of Friends of the Earth Australia. www.foe.org.au/chain_reaction